Greening through schooling: Understanding the link between education and pro-environmental behavior in the Philippines

Roman Hoffmann, Raya Muttarak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
6 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In recent years, changing lifestyle, consumption and mobility patterns have contributed to a global rise in greenhouse gases responsible for the warming of the planet. Despite its increasing relevance, there is a lack of understanding of factors influencing the environmental behavior of people from emerging economies. In this study, we focus on the role of formal education for pro-environmental behavior in the Philippines and study three potentially underlying mechanisms explaining the education effects: differential knowledge about climate change, risk perceptions, and awareness. Whilst there is some evidence showing that education is associated with pro-environmental behavior, little is known about the actual mechanisms through which it influences decision-making. Using propensity score methods, we find that an additional year of schooling significantly increases the probability of pro-environmental actions, e.g. planting trees, recycling, and proper waste management, by 3.3%. Further decomposing the education effects, it is found that education influences behavior mainly by increasing awareness about the anthropogenic causes of climate change, which may consequently affect the perception of self-efficacy in reducing human impacts on the environment. Knowledge and perceptions about climate risks also explain the education effect on pro-environmental behavior, but to a lesser extent.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014009
JournalEnvironmental Research Letters
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • ADOPTION
  • ATTITUDES
  • CLIMATE-CHANGE
  • CONSUMERS WILLINGNESS
  • DEMAND
  • ENERGY-CONSERVATION
  • HEALTH
  • INCOME
  • MEAT CONSUMPTION
  • Philippines
  • WILLINGNESS-TO-PAY
  • developing country
  • education
  • mechanisms
  • mediation analysis
  • pro-environmental behavior

Cite this