Groin wound infection after vascular exposure (GIVE) multicentre cohort study

Groin wound Infection after Vascular Exposure (GIVE) Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Surgical site infections (SSIs) of groin wounds are a common and potentially preventable cause of morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs in vascular surgery. Our aim was to define the contemporaneous rate of groin SSIs, determine clinical sequelae, and identify risk factors for SSI. An international multicentre prospective observational cohort study of consecutive patients undergoing groin incision for femoral vessel access in vascular surgery was undertaken over 3 months, follow-up was 90 days. The primary outcome was the incidence of groin wound SSI. 1337 groin incisions (1039 patients) from 37 centres were included. 115 groin incisions (8.6%) developed SSI, of which 62 (4.6%) were superficial. Patients who developed an SSI had a significantly longer length of hospital stay (6 versus 5 days, P =.005), a significantly higher rate of post-operative acute kidney injury (19.6% versus 11.7%, P =.018), with no significant difference in 90-day mortality. Female sex, Body mass index≥30 kg/m2, ischaemic heart disease, aqueous betadine skin preparation, bypass/patch use (vein, xenograft, or prosthetic), and increased operative time were independent predictors of SSI. Groin infections, which are clinically apparent to the treating vascular unit, are frequent and their development carries significant clinical sequelae. Risk factors include modifiable and non-modifiable variables.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-175
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Wound Journal
Issue number2
Early online date25 Nov 2020
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


  • vascular

Cite this