Ground and airborne U.K. measurements of nitryl chloride: An investigation of the role of Cl atom oxidation at Weybourne Atmospheric Observatory

Thomas J. Bannan, Asan Bacak, Michael Le Breton, Michael Flynn, Bin Ouyang, Matthew McLeod, Rod Jones, Tamsin L. Malkin, Lisa K. Whalley, Dwayne E. Heard, Brian Bandy, M. Anwar H. Khan, Dudley E. Shallcross, Carl J. Percival

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Abstract

Nitryl Chloride (ClNO2) measurements from the Weybourne Atmospheric Observatory (WAO) are reported from March and April 2013 using a quadruple chemical ionisation mass spectrometer (CIMS) with the I- ionisation scheme. WAO is a rural coastal site with generally low NOx concentrations, a type of location poorly studied for ClNO2 production. Concentrations of ClNO2 exceeded that of the limit of detection (0.8 ppt) on each night of the campaign, as did concentrations of N2O5, which was also measured simultaneously with the Cambridge Broadband Cavity Enhanced Absorption Spectrometer (BBCEAS). A peak concentration of 65 ppt of ClNO2 is reported here. Vertical profiles of ClNO2 from early- to mid-morning flights in close proximity to WAO are also reported, showing elevated concentrations at low altitude. The photolysis of observed ClNO2 and a box model utilising the Master Chemical Mechanism modified to include chlorine chemistry was used to calculate Cl atom concentrations. This model utilised numerous VOCs from the second Tropospheric ORganic CHemistry project (TORCH 2) in 2004, at the same location and time of year. From this the relative importance of the oxidation of three groups of measured VOCs (alkanes, alkenes and alkynes) by OH radicals, Cl atoms and O3 is compared. Cl atom oxidation was deemed generally insignificant at this time and location for total oxidation due to the much lower concentration of ClNO2 observed, even following the night of greatest ClNO2 production.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11154–11165
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Volume122
Issue number20
Early online date19 Oct 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • tropospheric oxidation
  • halogen chemistry

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