Growing up in Ethiopia and Andhra Pradesh: the impact of social protection schemes on girls’ roles and responsibilities

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The focus of this article is the effect on adolescent girls’ roles and responsibilities of public works schemes or cash transfers, which are the main forms of social protection in developing countries. Increasing participation in social protection is intended to enhance the development of girls in participating households, but evidence on their school participation and workloads suggests that the reverse may be happening. The article probes what happens to girls’ roles and responsibilities when households participate in social protection schemes in rural Ethiopia and Andhra Pradesh. It argues that effects are complex, and often context-specific; however, the assumption that ‘beneficiaries’ benefit means that negative impacts are rarely acknowledged. The article combines a review of other papers addressing the effects of social protection on children’s work with analysis of quantitative and qualitative data, recognising that this question cannot be answered with a methodology that considers girls’ schooling or workloads in isolation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107–123
Number of pages17
JournalEuropean Journal of Development Research
Issue number1
Early online date3 Oct 2013
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • adolescent girls
  • child work
  • Ethiopia
  • India
  • social protection

Cite this