Head and eyes: Looking behavior in 12- to 24-month-old infants

Jeremy I. Borjon, Drew H. Abney, Chen Yu, Linda B. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)


This study demonstrates evidence for a foundational process underlying active vision in older infants during object play. Using head-mounted eye-tracking and motion capture, looks to an object are shown to be tightly linked to and synchronous with a stilled head, regardless of the duration of gaze, for infants 12 to 24 months of age. Despite being a developmental period of rapid and marked changes in motor abilities, the dynamic coordination of head stabilization and sustained gaze to a visual target is developmentally invariant during the examined age range. The findings indicate that looking with an aligned head and eyes is a fundamental property of human vision and highlights the importance of studying looking behavior in freely moving perceivers in everyday contexts, opening new questions about the role of body movement in both typical and atypical development of visual attention.

Original languageEnglish
Article number18
JournalJournal of Vision
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2021


  • active vision
  • attention
  • head-eye alignment
  • infant vision
  • motor development
  • sensorimotor coordination

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