Healthcare professionals’ beliefs, attitudes, knowledge and behaviour around vaping in pregnancy and postpartum: A qualitative study.

Abby Hunter (Lead Author), Judith Yargawa, Caitlin Notley, Michael Ussher, Alex Bobak, Rachael L Murray, Srabani Nath, Sue Cooper

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Abstract

Introduction: Finding effective ways to help pregnant women quit smoking and maintain long-term abstinence is a public health priority. Electronic cigarettes (i.e., vaping) could be a suitable cessation tool in pregnancy for those who struggle to quit, however, healthcare professionals (HCP) must be informed about these devices to offer appropriate advice. This study used the Capability, Opportunity, Motivation and Behaviour (COM-B) model and Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) to explore HCP attitudes towards vaping in pregnancy and postpartum; beliefs about the health risks of vaping; perceived barriers and facilitators of vaping in pregnancy; knowledge of current guidelines and policies; and training needs.
Methods: Interviews (n=60) were conducted with midwives (n=17), health visitors (n=10), general practitioners (GPs) (n=15) and stop smoking specialists (n=18) across the UK. Interview transcriptions were analysed thematically using the framework approach and the COM-B.
Results: Discussing vaping as a tool for quitting smoking in pregnancy was prevented by a lack of capability (limited knowledge of ECs, lack of training in smoking cessation); lack of opportunity (restricted by organisational policies and guidelines, lack of time and financial issues impacting on training), and negative social influences (sensationalist media and stigma associated with vaping in pregnancy); and lack of motivation (fear of future litigation and comebacks should adverse effects from vaping arise).
Conclusions: Factors related to capability, opportunity and motivation were identified that influence HCPs attitudes and behaviours towards vaping in pregnancy. Gaps in knowledge and training needs were identified, which could inform the development of targeted vaping training.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)471–478
Number of pages8
JournalNicotine and Tobacco Research
Volume23
Issue number3
Early online date5 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

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