Healthy people with delusional ideation change their mind with conviction

Mitchell Rodier, Marie Prévost, Louis Renoult, Claire Lionnet, Yvonne Kwann, Emmanuelle Dionne-Dostie, Isabelle Chapleau, J. Bruno Debruille

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)
168 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Emotional distress and reasoning biases are two factors known to contribute to delusions. As a step towards elucidating mechanisms underlying delusions, the main aim of this study was to evaluate a possible “jumping to new conclusions” reasoning bias in healthy people with delusional ideation and its association with emotions. We surveyed 80 healthy participants, measuring levels of depression, anxiety, cognitive error and delusional ideation. Participants completed two versions of the beads task to evaluate their reasoning style. Results showed that people with delusional ideation reached a conclusion after less information, as expected. Interestingly, they also tended to change their conclusions more often than people without delusional ideation and did so with greater conviction. Depression and cognitive errors were strong predictors of delusional ideation but not of reasoning style. We conclude that delusional ideation in non-psychotic individuals is independently predicted by depressive symptoms and by a high conviction in new conclusions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-439
Number of pages7
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume189
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2011

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