Heavy metals in the Humber estuary: Scrobicularia clay as a pre-industrial datum

R. Middleton, A. Grant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


Many elements can be seen to be enriched in modern sediments compared to their prehistoric counterpart. Elements such as Fe, Ti, Nb and As can be directly linked to present-day industrial discharges. Other elements, including P, Pb, Zn, Cu, Cr and V, show varying degrees of enrichment. Mn concentration seems to be controlled largely by water salinity. The overall impression gained is that of a well mixed estuary with some local "hot-spots'.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-80
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society
Publication statusPublished - 1990

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