Heme ligation and redox chemistry in two bacterial thiosulfate dehydrogenase (TsdA) enzyme

Leon P. Jenner, Julia M. Kurth, Sebastian van Helmont, Katarzyna P. Sokol, Erwin Reisner, Christiane Dahl, Justin M. Bradley (Lead Author), Julea N. Butt (Lead Author), Myles Cheesman (Lead Author)

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Thiosulfate dehydrogenases (TsdA) are bidirectional bacterial di-heme enzymes that catalyze the interconversion of tetrathionate and thiosulfate at measurable rates in both directions. In contrast to our knowledge of TsdA activities, information on the redox properties in the absence of substrates is rather scant. To address this deficit, we combined magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) spectroscopy and protein film electrochemistry (PFE) in a study to resolve heme ligation and redox chemistry in two representative TsdAs. We examined the TsdAs from Campylobacter jejuni, a micro-aerobe human pathogen, and from the purple sulfur bacterium Allochromatium vinosum. In these organisms, the enzyme functions as a tetrathionate reductase and a thiosulfate oxidase respectively. The active site Heme 1 in both enzymes has His/Cys ligation in the ferric and ferrous states and the midpoint potentials (Em) of the corresponding redox transformations are similar, −185 mV versus standard hydrogen electrode (SHE). However, fundamental differences are observed in the properties of the second, electron transferring, Heme 2. In C. jejuni TsdA Heme 2 has His/Met ligation and an Em of +172 mV. In A. vinosum TsdA, Heme 2 reduction triggers a switch from His/Lys ligation (Em, −129 mV) to His/Met (Em,+266 mV) but the rates of interconversion are such that His/Lys ligation would be retained during turnover. In summary, our findings have unambiguously assigned Em values to defined axial ligand sets in TsdAs, specified the rates of Heme 2 ligand exchange in the A. vinosum enzyme, and provided information relevant to describing their catalytic mechanism(s).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18002-18014
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number47
Early online date29 Aug 2019
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2019

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