Hierarchical chestnut-like MnCo2O4 nanoneedles grown on nickel foam as binder-free electrode for high energy density asymmetric supercapacitors

Kwun Nam Hui, Kwan San Hui, Zikang Tang, V.V. Jadhav, Qi Xun Xia

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87 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Hierarchical chestnut-like manganese cobalt oxide (MnCo2O4) nanoneedles (NNs) are successfully grown on nickel foam using a facile and cost-effective hydrothermal method. High resolution TEM image further verifies that the chestnut-like MnCo2O4 structure is assembled by numerous 1D MnCo2O4 nanoneedles, which are formed by numerous interconnected MnCo2O4 nanoparticles with grain diameter of ∼10 nm. The MnCo2O4 electrode exhibits high specific capacitance of 1535 F g−1 at 1 A g−1 and good rate capability (950 F g−1 at 10 A g−1) in a 6 M KOH electrolyte. An asymmetric supercapacitor is fabricated using MnCo2O4 NNs on Ni foam (MnCo2O4 NNs/NF) as the positive electrode and graphene/NF as the negative electrode. The device shows an operation voltage of 1.5 V and delivers a high energy density of ∼60.4 Wh kg−1 at a power density of ∼375 W kg−1. Moreover, the device exhibits an excellent cycling stability of 94.3% capacitance retention after 12000 cycles at 30 A g−1. This work demonstrates that hierarchical chestnut-like MnCo2O4 NNs could be a promising electrode for the high performance energy storage devices.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195–203
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume330
Early online date10 Sep 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • MnCo2O4
  • Nanoneedles
  • Graphene
  • Hydrothermal
  • Asymmetric supercapacitor

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