High-performance hybrid supercapacitor with 3D hierarchical porous flower-like layered double hydroxide grown on nickel foam as binder-free electrode

Luojiang Zhang, Kwun Nam Hui, Kwan San Hui, Haiwon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

199 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The synthesis of layered double hydroxide (LDH) as electroactive material has been well reported; however, fabricating an LDH electrode with excellent electrochemical performance at high current density remains a challenge. In this paper, we report a 3D hierarchical porous flower-like NiAl-LDH grown on nickel foam (NF) through a liquid-phase deposition method as a high-performance binder-free electrode for energy storage. With large ion-accessible surface area as well as efficient electron and ion transport pathways, the prepared LDH-NF electrode achieves high specific capacity (1250 C g−1 at 2 A g−1 and 401 C g−1 at 50 A g−1) after 5000 cycles of activation at 20 A g−1 and high cycling stability (76.7% retention after another 5000 cycles at 50 A g−1), which is higher than those of most previously reported NiAl-LDH-based materials. Moreover, a hybrid supercapacitor with LDH-NF as the positive electrode and porous graphene nanosheet coated on NF (GNS-NF) as the negative electrode, delivers high energy density (30.2 Wh kg−1 at a power density of 800 W kg−1) and long cycle life, which outperforms the other devices reported in the literature. This study shows that the prepared LDH-NF electrode offers great potential in energy storage device applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-85
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume318
Early online date8 Apr 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2016

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