How does Extinction Rebellion engage with climate justice? A case study of XR Norwich

Tom Smiles, Gareth A. S. Edwards (Lead Author)

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9 Citations (Scopus)
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Extinction Rebellion (XR) has rapidly risen to prominence in the last two years, but in part because of the group’s meteoric rise, there are relatively few academic analyses of it. This paper draws on collective-action framing theory to examine the engagement of one XR group–XR Norwich–with notions of climate justice. Drawing on ten in-depth interviews conducted in mid-2019, it argues that despite general concern for the global South, XR Norwich members mostly framed climate change in terms more reminiscent of mainstream environmental policy makers, rather than the radical climate justice movement. This raises questions about the extent to which XR Norwich engages their members on climate justice concerns, whether XR Norwich is more concerned with generating appeal instead of offering radical solutions, and whether such a strategy might lead to factionalism within the broader XR movement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1445-1460
Number of pages16
JournalLocal Environment
Issue number12
Early online date14 Sep 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Extinction Rebellion
  • climate justice
  • framing

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