How much policy space still exists under the WTO? A comparative study of the automotive industry in Thailand and Malaysia

Kaoru Natsuda, John Thoburn

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37 Citations (Scopus)


ABSTRACT: This paper investigates the policy space open to developing countries under the WTO regime. It is apparent that industrial policy options in developing countries are limited by the TRIPs, GATS, TRIMs and SCMs agreements under the WTO. However, policy options are not fully closed, and a narrower range of policies is still available. Focusing particularly on TRIMs, this paper examines the contrasting development of the automotive industries in Thailand and Malaysia, showing the different ways these countries have carved out new industrial policies within the now available policy space.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1346-1377
Number of pages32
JournalReview of International Political Economy
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 14 Feb 2014


  • automotive industry
  • Industrial policy
  • Malaysia
  • motor industry
  • Thailand

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