How traceability is restructuring Malawi's tobacco industry

Jason Moyer-Lee, Martin Prowse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


This article applies a global value-chain framework to the tobacco industry in Malawi, showing how cigarette manufacturers govern the chain and control first-tier suppliers, the leaf merchants. Contract farming offers smallholders the ability to meet manufacturers' compliance and traceability requirements and an opportunity for process and product upgrading, but threatens to exclude poorer growers. The article concludes by highlighting the role leaf merchants can play in diversifying Malawi's economic base and suggests research avenues to understand this rapid institutional evolution better.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-174
Number of pages16
JournalDevelopment Policy Review
Issue number2
Early online date2 Feb 2015
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015

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