Human pressures on UK seabed habitats: A cumulative impact assessment

J. Foden, A.P. Jones, Stuart Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)


European Member States are required to assess the status of marine waters, including analysis of cumulative effects. We developed a methodology for evaluating the impact of several human activities that constitute 4 direct pressures on the UK (England and Wales) seabed community: smothering, abrasion, obstruction (sealing), and extraction. The method was tested by mapping the spatial extent of individual and cumulative activities for 2007 by habitat type, quantifying the intensity of activities, and estimating impact using published recovery times. More than half (134 400 km) of the seabed was directly affected by human activities, of which only 165 km (
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-47
Number of pages15
JournalMarine Ecology Progress Series
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2011

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