Human Trafficking and Health: A Survey of Male and Female Survivors in England

Sian Oram, Melanie Abas, Debra Bick, Adrian Boyle, Rebecca French, Sharon Jakobowitz, Mizanur Khondoker, Nicky Stanley, Kylee Trevillion, Louise Howard, Cathy Zimmerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. To investigate physical and mental health and experiences of violence among male and female trafficking survivors in a high-income country. 

Methods. Our data were derived from a cross-sectional survey of 150 men and women in England who were in contact with posttrafficking support services. Interviews took place over 18 months, from June 2013 to December 2014. 

Results. Participants had been trafficked for sexual exploitation (29%), domestic servitude (29.3%), and labor exploitation (40.4%). Sixty-six percent of women reported forced sex during trafficking, including 95% of those trafficked for sexual exploitation and 54% of those trafficked for domestic servitude. Twenty-one percent of men and 24% of women reported ongoing injuries, and 8% of men and 23% of women reported diagnosed sexually transmitted infections. Finally, 78% of women and 40% of men reported high levels of depression, anxiety, or posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms. 

Conclusions. Psychological interventions to support the recovery of this highly vulnerable population are urgently needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1073-1078
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume106
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

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