Hybrid mid-link spectral inverter to compensate for linear and nonlinear distortions for efficient transmission performance in 224 Gbit/s DP-16QAM system

Rameez Asif, Ghulam Shabbir, Adeel Akram

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2 Citations (Scopus)


The hybrid mid-link spectral inversion (H-MLSI) and digital signal processing techniques to compensate for the optical Kerr effects in 224 Gbit/s DP-16QAM transmission over 640 km of single-mode fiber are numerically evaluated. Digital signal processing methods, i.e., electronic dispersion compensation (EDC) and digital backward propagation (DBP) techniques, are implemented. The system is evaluated for diverse signal input launch powers for both single-channel and multichannel transmission in which five channels are multiplexed with a channel spacing of 100 GHz with central wavelength at 1550 nm. The system performance is enumerated by monitoring the bit error ratio. From the results, it is clear that the nonlinear threshold point is improved by 2 and 3 dBm signal power by using H-MLSI and DBP, respectively, with 20 steps per fiber span as compared to EDC. Furthermore, we have also evaluated the DBP complexity as compared to H-MLSI and the resultant impact on maximum transmission distance. Moreover, the performance penalty coming from the span-offset of H-MLSI can be reduced by employing DBP to compensate for the residual Kerr effects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number130365
JournalOptical Engineering
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013


  • Coherent communications
  • Fiber optics communications
  • Modulation
  • Multiplexing
  • Networks
  • Nonlinear optics

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