Hypnotherapy and therapeutic audiotape: effective in previously unsuccessfully treated irritable bowel syndrome?

Alastair Forbes, Susan MacAuley, Efterpi Chiotakakou-Faliakou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is not always readily responsive to conventional therapy. Hypnotherapy is effective but time consuming and labour intensive. Preliminary data suggested equivalent value from a specially devised audiotape. Tape use is now compared with gut-directed hyponotherapy in a randomised controlled trial. Consenting patients (n = 52; 37 women) with established IBS were recruited to a 12-week study. All had failed dietary and pharmacological therapy. The median age was 37 years (range 19-71); median symptom duration was 60 months (8-480). Randomisation was to six sessions of individual hypnotherapy, or to the tape, with stratification according to predominant symptom. Symptom scores and validated psychological questionnaires were utilised. Twenty-five patients (18 women) received hypnotherapy, 27 the tape. Successful trance was induced in all hypnotherapy patients. By intention to treat, symptom scores improved in 76% of hypnotherapy patients and in 59% of tape patients (not significant). Amongst 45 patients providing a full set of symptom scores there was advantage to hypnotherapy, with a reduction in median score from 14 to 8.5 compared to an unchanged score of 13 in audiotape patients (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)328-334
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Colorectal Disease
Volume15
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2000

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Colonic Diseases, Functional
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypnosis
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain Management
  • Pilot Projects
  • Random Allocation
  • Relaxation Therapy
  • Tape Recording
  • Time Factors

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