“I Don’t Even Want to Come Out”: the Suppressed Voices of Our Future and Opening the Lid on Sexual and Gender Minority Youth Workplace Discrimination in Europe: a Qualitative Study

Radhika Seiler-Ramadas, Lovro Markovic, Chase Staras, Laura Llop Medina, Jelena Perak, Christina Carmichael, Matej Horvat, Mario Bajkusa, Sladjana Baros, Lee Smith, Daragh T. McDermott, Igor Grabovac

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


In Europe, young sexual and gender minority (SGM) people continue to face discrimination in the labour sector despite advances in legislation towards their acceptance and equal treatment. Non-discrimination policy strategies helping SGM individuals are not equally enforced in all contexts, making it difficult for many SGM individuals to disclose their identity, hence undermining their health and well-being.

Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted between October 2020 and February 2021 with 55 SGM youth (18–27 years) having work experience from Austria, Croatia, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain and the UK.

From the analysis, three overarching themes were significant: (1) societal discrimination played a major role in sociocultural factors and policy considerations, (2) workplace discrimination had distinct factors and impacts on SGM individuals and (3) SGM inclusion should use strategies to ensure workplace diversity and equality.

SGM individuals from contexts of poor acceptance tended to hide their identity in the workplace, while transgender and non-binary individuals were prone to experience force-disclosure and discrimination in all aspects of employment. There is a lack of resolute reaction from policy makers in managing problems faced by SGM people in workplaces. New laws improving the status of SGM people need to be further adopted, staff training should be implemented, and managers are crucial in achieving an inclusive climate in the workplace.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1452-1472
Number of pages21
JournalSexuality Research and Social Policy
Issue number4
Early online date30 Sep 2021
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

Cite this