Allocoprobacillus halotolerans gen. nov., sp. nov and Coprobacter tertius sp. nov., isolated from human gut microbiota

Nancy M. Y. Teng, Raymond Kiu, Rhiannon Evans, David J. Baker, Christian Zenner, Stephen D. Robinson, Lindsay J. Hall

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Abstract

Two novel bacterial isolates were cultured from faecal samples of patients attending the Breast Care clinic at the Norwich and Norfolk University Hospital. Strain LH1062T was isolated from a 58-year-old female diagnosed with invasive adenocarcinoma with ductal carcinoma in situ. Strain LH1063T was isolated from a healthy 51-year-old female. Isolate LH1062T was predicted to be a potential novel genus most closely related to Coprobacillus , whilst LH1063T was predicted to be a novel species belonging to Coprobacter . Both strains were characterized by polyphasic approaches including 16S rRNA gene analysis, core-genome analysis, average nucleotide identity (ANI) comparisons and phenotypic analysis. Initial screening of the 16S rRNA gene of LH1062T returned a nucleotide identity of 93.4 % to Longibaculum muris . For LH1063T, nucleotide identity was a 92.6 % to Coprobacter secundus . Further investigations showed that LH1062T had a genome size of 2.9 Mb and G+C content of 31.3 mol %. LH1063T had a genome size of 3.3Mb and G+C content of 39.2 mol %. Digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) and ANI values of LH1062T with its closest relative, Coprobacillus cateniformis JCM 10604T, were 20.9 and 79.54 %, respectively. For LH1063T, the dDDH and ANI values with its closest relative, Coprobacter secundus 177T, were 19.3 and 77.81 %, respectively. Phenotypic testing confirmed that LH1062T could not be matched to a known validly published isolate in any database; thereby indicating a novel genus for which the name Allocoprobacillus gen. nov. is now proposed with LH1062T (=DSM 114537T=NCTC 14686T) being the type strain of the proposed novel species Allocoprobacillus halotolerans sp. nov. Strain LH1063T (=DSM 114538T=NCTC 14698T) fits within the genus Coprobacter and, it being the third species within this genus, the name Coprobacter tertius sp. nov. is proposed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number005950
JournalInternational Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Volume73
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • faecal culturing
  • human gut microbiota

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