Methods: Consecutive patients with PAH who underwent cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) were identified from the Assessing the Spectrum of Pulmonary hypertension Identified at a Referral centre (ASPIRE) registry. Kaplan–Meier survival curves, locally weighted scatterplot smoothing regression and multi-variable logistic regression analysis were performed.
Results: In 311 consecutive, treatment-naïve patients with PAH undergoing cMRI including 121 undergoing follow-up cMRI, measures of right ventricular (RV) function including right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) and RV end systolic volume and right atrial (RA) area had prognostic value. However, only RV metrics were able to identify a low-risk status. Age (p < 0.01) and RVEF (p < 0.01) but not RA area were independent predictors of 1-year mortality.
Conclusion: This study highlights the need for guidelines to include measures of RV function rather than RA area alone to aid the risk stratification of patients with PAH.
- cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI)
- pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH)
- pulmonary hypertension
- right atrial area
- right ventricular (RV)
- risk stratification