Impact of cartel enforcement on compliance in the chemical industry

Gianni De Stefano, Andreas Stephan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article examines the relationship between EU cartel enforcement in the chemical industry in the period 1997-2010 and compliance measures announced in the Annual Reports of the undertakings involved. It goes on to focus on Akzo Nobel NV's unique use of an internal amnesty programme, and the level of compliance in the industry following this period of enforcement. Its findings suggest cartel enforcement may have prompted significant investment in compliance measures, with some evidence of those measures resulting in earlier reporting in return for leniency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)400-426
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Antitrust Enforcement
Issue number3
Early online date1 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023


  • Antitrust
  • Compliance
  • Enforcement
  • Cartels
  • Chemicals
  • K40
  • cartels
  • enforcement
  • K20
  • K42
  • antitrust
  • compliance
  • chemicals

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