Impact of renal sympathetic denervation on cardiac magnetic resonance-derived cardiac indices in hypertensive patients – a meta-analysis

George Bazoukis, Costas Thomopoulos, Gary Tse, Vassilios Vassiliou, Tong Liu, Kyriakos Dimitriadis, Fotios Tatakis, Konstantinos Konstantinou, Michael Doumas, Konstantinos Tsioufis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background

Renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) is a safe device-based option for the treatment of hypertension although current guidelines do not recommend its use in routine clinical practice. In this meta-analysis, we investigated the effects of RDN in cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR)-derived cardiac indices.

Methods

This meta-analysis was performed in accordance with the PRISMA statement. A comprehensive systematic search of MEDLINE database and Cochrane library through to January 2021 was performed. The inclusion criteria were studies that enrolled patients undergoing RDN in whom CMR data were provided for left ventricular end-diastolic volume indexed to body surface area (BSA) (LVEDVI), left ventricular end-systolic volume indexed (LVESVI), left ventricular mass indexed (LVMI), and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) pre and post RDN. A random effects model was used for the analyses.

Results

Our search strategy revealed 9 studies that were finally included in the meta-analysis (n=300 patients, mean age: 60 years old, males: 59%). Compared to control group, RDN patients showed significantly lower values in the attained volumes (LVEDVI: -6.70 ml/m2, p=0.01; LVESVI: -3.63 ml/m2, p=0.006). Moreover, RDN group achieved a statistically significant higher attained LVEF (3.49%, p=0.01). A non-significant difference was found in the attained LVMI between RDN and control groups (-2.59 g/m2, p=0.39). Compared to pre-RDN values, RDN reduces significantly the LVMI, the LVEDVI, and the LVESVI while a non-significant change of LVEF was found.

Conclusions

In conclusion, the current study demonstrates the potential beneficial role of RDN in CMR-derived cardiac indices that reflect adverse remodeling. However, large, randomized studies are needed to elucidate the role of RDN in cardiac remodeling in hypertension, heart failure, and other clinical settings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)314-321
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cardiology
Volume78
Issue number4
Early online date1 Jun 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Jun 2021

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