Imperfect environmental policy and polluting emissions: the green paradox and beyond

Corrado Di Maria, Edwin van der Werf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

98 Citations (Scopus)


Well-intended policies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions may have unintended undesirable consequences. Recently, a large literature has emerged showing that such a 'green paradox' may occur in response to particular policies. We review this literature and identify four different imperfect policy approaches that may induce a green paradox. We discuss under what conditions a green paradox may occur and highlight avenues for future research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-194
Number of pages42
JournalInternational Review of Environmental and Resource Economics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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