Implementation of total productive maintenance: A case study

F. T. S. Chan, H. C. W. Lau, R. W. L. Ip, H. K. Chan, S. Kong

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272 Citations (Scopus)


In contrast to the many published accounts of the disfluent repetition of sounds at the beginnings of words, cases where it is predominantly the final parts of words that are repeated have been reported relatively rarely. With few exceptions, those studies that have been published have described either pre-school children or neurologically impaired subjects. The purpose of this case report was to describe final part-word repetitions in the speech of two school-age boys of normal intelligence with no known neurological lesions. Their speech was recorded during spontaneous conversation, reading, and sentence repetition. The repetitions occurred in all three speaking conditions, although the majority of instances were observed in spontaneous speech, and on both content words and function words. The participants exhibited no apparent awareness of the disfluencies, no abnormal muscle tension, and no accessory behaviours. Each child produced word-final repeated fragments whose phonological structure was highly predictable according to his individual set of rules. The results are discussed in terms of possible motor and cognitive explanations for the disfluencies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-94
Number of pages24
JournalInternational Journal of Production Economics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jan 2005

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