Improving automated sonar video analysis to notify about jellyfish blooms

Artjoms Gorpincenko, Geoffrey French, Peter Knight, Mike Challis, Michal Mackiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Human enterprise often suffers from direct negative effects caused by jellyfish blooms. The investigation of a prior jellyfish monitoring system showed that it was unable to reliably perform in a cross validation setting, i.e. in new underwater environments. In this paper, a number of enhancements are proposed to the part of the system that is responsible for object classification. First, the training set is augmented by adding synthetic data, making the deep learning classifier able to generalise better. Then, the framework is enhanced by employing a new second stage model, which analyzes the outputs of the first network to make the final prediction. Finally, weighted loss and confidence threshold are added to balance out true and false positives. With all the upgrades in place, the system can correctly classify 30.16% (comparing to the initial 11.52%) of all spotted jellyfish, keep the amount of false positives as low as 0.91% (comparing to the initial 2.26%) and operate in real-time within the computational constraints of an autonomous embedded platform.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4981-4988
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number4
Early online date19 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2021


  • Deep learning
  • jellyfish quantification
  • object classification
  • sonar imagery
  • underwater monitoring

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