In vitro and in vivo studies of trypanocidal activity of dietary isothiocyanates

Dietmar Steverding, Sarah Michaels, Kevin D. Read

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Six dietary isothiocyanates, allyl-isothiocyanate, benzyl-isothiocyanate, phenylethyl-isothiocyanate, sulforaphane, erucin, and iberin, were tested for their trypanocidal activities in vitro using culture-adapted bloodstream forms of Trypanosoma brucei. All isothiocyanates showed a dose-dependent effect on the growth of trypanosomes. Five compounds displayed MIC values of 10 μM and GI values of around 1.5 μM, while allyl-isothiocyanate exhibited values of 100 and 11 μM, respectively. The compounds showed similar cytotoxic activities against human HL-60 cells with GI values of 1-4 μM and MIC values of 10-100 μM. Short-term experiments revealed that, with the exception of allyl-isothiocyanate, isothiocyanates at a concentration of 10 μM kill trypanosomes within 1-4 h of incubation. In contrast, HL-60 cells were not affected by any of the compounds in short-term incubation experiments. Sulforaphane, the most intensively studied isothiocyanate, was also investigated for its in vivo trypanocidal activity. However, administration of 50 mg/kg sulforaphane orally or intraperitoneally for four days had no effect on the parasitaemia in mice infected with T. brucei compared to control animals treated with vehicle alone.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-186
Number of pages4
JournalPlanta Medica
Issue number2-3
Early online date22 Jan 2014
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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