Individual cell-level temperature monitoring of a lithium-ion battery pack

Keith M. Alcock, Álvaro González-Vila, Mustehsan Beg, Francisco Vedreño-Santos, Zuansi Cai, Lourdes S. M. Alwis, Keng Goh

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Abstract

The work described herein details the deployment of an optical fibre strand with five fibre Bragg grating (FBG) sensors for individual cell-level temperature monitoring of a three-cell lithium-ion battery pack. A polymer guide tube with 3D printed plinths is employed, resulting in high precision temperature readings with an average error of 0.97 °C, 1.33 °C, and 1.27 °C for FBG sensors on each battery cell, surpassing traditional thermocouple and platinum resistance sensors in some circumstances. The temperature response of FBGs positioned between battery cells demonstrates that, in addition to sensing temperature at the cell level, temperature data can be effectively acquired between cells, suggesting that FBGs may be used to monitor the heat radiated from individual cells in a battery pack.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4306
JournalSensors
Volume23
Issue number9
Early online date26 Apr 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2023

Keywords

  • FOS
  • FBG
  • Bragg
  • lithium-ion
  • battery
  • temperature monitoring
  • guide tube

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