Influence of diabetes mellitus and hyperglycemia on prognosis in patients > or =70 years old with heart failure and effects of nebivolol (data from the Study of Effects of Nebivolol Intervention on Outcomes and Rehospitalization in Seniors with heart failure [SENIORS])

Rudolf A de Boer, Wolfram Doehner, Iwan C C van der Horst, Stefan D Anker, Daphne Babalis, Michael Roughton, Andrew J Coats, Marcus D Flather, Dirk J van Veldhuisen, SENIORS Investigators

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Abstract

The beneficial effects of beta blockers in younger patients with heart failure (HF) due to systolic dysfunction are well established. However, data from patients > or =70 years old with diabetes mellitus and HF are lacking. The Study of Effects of Nebivolol Intervention on Outcomes and Rehospitalization in Seniors with heart failure [SENIORS] tested the efficacy of the vasodilator beta blocker nebivolol in patients > or =70 years old with HF and impaired or preserved left ventricular ejection fraction. In the present analysis, we evaluated the association between diabetes mellitus and baseline glucose levels on the primary outcome (all-cause mortality and cardiovascular hospitalization) and secondary end points, including all-cause mortality, cardiovascular hospitalizations, and cardiovascular mortality. Of 2,128 patients, 555 (26.1%) had diabetes mellitus. Of the 555 patients with diabetes mellitus, 223 (40.2%) experienced the primary end point compared to 484 (30.8%) of the 1,573 nondiabetic patients (p or =70 years old with HF, diabetes mellitus was associated with a worse prognosis. Nebivolol was less effective in the patients with diabetes and HF than in those with HF but without diabetes who were > or =70 years old.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-86.e1
JournalThe American Journal of Cardiology
Volume106
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2010

Keywords

  • Adrenergic beta-Antagonists
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Benzopyrans
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Diabetic Angiopathies
  • Ethanolamines
  • Female
  • Heart Failure
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Hyperglycemia
  • Male
  • Prognosis
  • Treatment Outcome

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