Influence of valve prosthesis type on the recovery of ventricular dysfunction and subendocardial ischaemia folloeing valve replacement for aortic stenosis.

Julian Collinson, Marcus Flather, Andrew J. Coats, John R. Pepper, Michael Henein

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Long-standing aortic stenosis (AS) causes significant progressive left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and may result in subendocardial ischaemia. Following aortic valve surgery, LV function may improve and this may be accompanied by reversal of ischaemia. There is debate about the differential effects of valve substitutes. We studied 33 patients with significant AS and impaired LV systolic function. Patients underwent trans-thoracic Doppler echocardiography and 12-lead electrocardiography pre-operatively, prior to discharge from hospital and at 2.5 (range 1.5-3) years follow-up. Twenty patients received a stentless valve and 13 a stented valve. No patient had significant aortic regurgitation, other valvular disease or coronary artery disease. LV fractional shortening (FS) increased from 19±6% to 26±7% post-operatively and to 33±12% at follow-up in the stentless group (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)535-641
Number of pages107
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume97
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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