Inhibitors of bacterial multidrug efflux pumps from the resin glycosides of Ipomoea murucoides

Lilia Chérigo, Rogelio Pereda-Miranda, Mabel Fragoso-Serrano, Nadia Jacobo-Herrera, Glenn W. Kaatz, Simon Gibbons

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76 Citations (Scopus)


A reinvestigation of the CHCl3-soluble extract from flowers of the Mexican medicinal arborescent morning glory, Ipomoea murucoides, through preparative-scale recycling HPLC, yielded six new pentasaccharides, murucoidins VI−XI (1−6), as well as the known pescaprein III (7), stoloniferin I (8), and murucoidins I−V (9−13). Their structures were characterized through the interpretation of their NMR spectroscopic and FABMS data. Compounds 1−6 were found to be macrolactones of three known glycosidic acids identified as simonic acids A and B, and operculinic acid A, with different fatty acids esterifying the same positions, C-2 on the second rhamnose unit and C-4 on the third rhamnose moiety. The lactonization site of the aglycone was placed at C-2 or C-3 of the second saccharide unit. The esterifying residues were composed of two short-chain fatty acids, 2-methylpropanoic and (2S)-methylbutyric acids, and two long-chain fatty acids, n-dodecanoic (lauric) acid and the new (8R)-(−)-8-hydroxydodecanoic acid. For the latter residue, its absolute configuration was determined by analysis of its Mosher ester derivatives. All members of the murucoidin series exerted a potentiation effect of norfloxacin against the NorA overexpressing Staphylococcus aureus strain SA-1199B by increasing the activity 4-fold (8 µg/mL from 32 µg/mL) at concentrations of 5−25 µg/mL. Stoloniferin I (8) enhanced norfloxacin activity 8-fold when incorporated at a concentration of 5 µg/mL. Therefore, this type of amphipathic oligosaccharide could be developed further to provide more potent inhibitors of this multidrug efflux pump.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1037-1045
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Natural Products
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2008

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