Integrated grey relational analysis and multi objective grey linear programming for sustainable electricity generation planning

Hanif Malekpoor, Konstantinos Chalvatzis, Nishikant Mishra, Dimitrios Zafeirakis, Malin Song

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58 Citations (Scopus)
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Sustainable energy generation is a key feature in sustainable development and among various sources of energy electricity due to some unique characteristics seems particularly important. Optimising electricity generation mix is a highly complex task and requires consideration of numerous conflicting criteria. To deal with uncertainty of experts’ opinions, inaccuracy of the available data and including more factors, some of which are difficult to quantify, in particular for environmental and social criteria, we applied Grey Relational Analysis (GRA) with grey linguistic, and grey interval values to obtain the rank of each system. Then the obtained ranking were used as coefficients for a Multi Objective Decision Making (MODM) problem, aimed to minimize the cost, import dependencies and emissions as well as maximizing the share of generation sources with better ranking. Due to existence of interval variables Multi Objective Grey Linear Programming (MOGLP) method was used to solve the problem. Our results for the UK as a case study suggest increased role for all low carbon energy technologies and sharp reduction in the use of coal and oil. We argue that the integrated GRA-MOGLP approach provides an effective tool for the evaluation and optimisation of complex sustainable electricity generation planning. It is particularly promising in dealing with uncertainty and imprecisions which reflect real-life scenarios in planning processes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475–503
Number of pages29
JournalAnnals of Operations Research
Issue number1-2
Early online date30 Jun 2017
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018


  • Sustainable planning
  • Electricity generation
  • MODM
  • Interval linear programming
  • GRA

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