Following the emergence of the Kent Policing Model, intelligence-led policing (ILP) has been gradually adopted across the developed world with the UK creating the National Intelligence Model in 1997, later adopted as the model for co-ordinating cross-border law enforcement operations across the EU. Within the ILP context, making use and sharing intelligence is pivotal in informing decisions at strategic and tactical levels. It is however challenging due to: the multiplicity of data sources; the volume, diverse nature and quality of available data; the rapidly changing, often transnational, nature of existing and emerging threats; and, the increasing sophistication of law enforcement adversaries. Additionally, across EU members' law enforcement agencies, there is disparity in terms of jurisdictions, economic environments, cultural contexts, accountability structures, roles and domestic inter-relations. Further complexity is added by long-established, bi-lateral relations between them, predating EU legal and practical frameworks. A number of Treaties (most recently the Lisbon Treaty) and Programmes (most recently the Stockholm Programme) have established a framework for co-operation in police and judicial matters across the EU. Whether and to what extent this framework -within an ILP context- is implemented and delivers on its aims remains open. This paper seeks to explore the current state of affairs by comparing and contrasting the adoption, operationalisation and implementation of the framework and more generally ILP between two significantly differing law enforcement environments, the UK and Greece, identifying examples of good practice, challenges, opportunities for further development and influencing factors impacting on its implementation.
|Publication status||Published - 17 Jun 2014|