Interventions in reducing caesarean section in the world: A systematic review

Farideh Moradi, Aidin Aryankhesal, Mohammad Heidari, Ali Soroush, Sara Rahimi Sadr

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Caesarean section without medical indication imposes many problems to families, personnel and medical equipment causing some side effects to pregnant woman and foetus, compared to natural childbirth. The present study aimed to evaluate the interventions in reducing caesarean section in the world. This study was a systematic review using Embase, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Science Direct, Magiran and SID databases and grey literature. All studies conducted during 2000–2018 were reviewed and finally the studies with inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected. A total of 19 studies were selected among 5,559 studies. The interventions conducted for reducing caesarean section included training the specialists and women by using Six Sigma method, changing the guidelines, reviewing the definition of natural childbirth various stages, encouraging the natural childbirth and expanding painless childbirth. All interventions were divided into educational strategy and managerial strategy. The interventions can be implemented to change the behaviour of physicians and attitude of pregnant women in order to reduce caesarean section. In this regard, the authorities are recommended to make more efforts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-37
Number of pages17
JournalMalaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Caesarean section
  • Childbirth
  • Pregnant women

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