Intuitions and Illusions: From Explanation and Experiment to Assessment

Eugen Fischer, Paul Engelhardt, Aurelie Herbelot

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Abstract

This chapter presents and develops an interdisciplinary research programme currently emerging from experimental philosophy: The ‘sources project’ seeks to develop psychological explanations of philosophical intuitions that facilitate their epistemological assessment. This chapter develops such an explanation: It explains intuitions at the root of notorious paradoxes about perception (‘arguments from illusion’), reports an experiment supporting this explanation, and suggests how we can advance from this psychological explanation of intuitions to assessments of their evidentiary value. To explain the targeted intuitions, the paper draws on discourse process research from cognitive psychology and psycholinguistics. To test the explanation, it employs an experimental paradigm from psycholinguistics. To derive assessments, it builds on research on metacognitive cues.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationExperimental Philosophy, Rationalism and Naturalism
Subtitle of host publicationRethinking Philosophical Method
EditorsEugen Fischer, John Collins
PublisherRoutledge
ISBN (Print)978-1-13-888728-2
Publication statusPublished - May 2015

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