Is there a difference in physical activity levels in patients before and up to one year after unilateral total hip replacement? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Thomas M Withers, Sarah Lister, Catherine Sackley, Allan Clark, Toby O Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objective: To determine if there is a difference in physical activity levels before and up to one year after unilateral primary total hip replacement.

Data sources: A search was performed on 13th July 2016. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they presented pre-operative and up to one year post-operative measures of physical activity for patients who had undergone unilateral primary total hip replacement.

Review methods: Any paper that used a measure of physical activity pre and up to one year post unilateral primary total hip replacement. Data was synthesised using a meta-analysis with 95% confidence intervals (CI), if appropriate. The Critical Appraisal Skills Programme cohort study checklist was used to assess the quality of evidence.

Results: From 6024 citations, nine studies were analysed in a meta-analysis and eight studies were analysed qualitatively. The quality of the evidence was ‘low’ to ‘moderate’. There was no statistically significant difference in physical activity pre- to post-total hip replacement when assessed using: movement-related activity (mean difference (MD): -0.08; 95% CI: 1.60, 1.44; I2=0%; n=77), percentage of 24-hours spent walking (MD: -0.21; 95% CI: -1.36, 0.93; I2=12%; n=65), six-minute walk test (MD: -60.85; 95% CI: -122.41, 0.72; I2=84%; n=113) or the cardiopulmonary exercise test (MD: -0.24; 95% CI: -1.36, 0.87; I2=0%;n=76).

Conclusion: There is no statistically significant difference in physical activity levels before and up to one year after unilateral primary total hip replacement. However the low to moderate methodological quality of the included papers should be taken into consideration when drawing conclusions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)639-650
JournalClinical Rehabilitation
Volume31
Issue number5
Early online date23 Oct 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017

Keywords

  • Total hip replacement
  • exercise
  • physical activity
  • recovery

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