The CvLPRIT (Complete versus Lesion-only PRimary PCI Trial) trial was undertaken in 7 UK centers (1,2). Patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and multivessel coronary stenoses were randomized to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) to the infarct-related artery (IRA) only, or complete revascularization. At 12-month follow-up, the rate of the combined primary endpoint (all-cause mortality, recurrent MI, heart failure, ischemia-driven revascularization) was lower after complete revascularization. All surviving patients were asked to undergo myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) 6 to 8 weeks post-admission. It was expected that this a priori nuclear substudy would provide mechanistic insights into the outcome of the main trial, and help to define the clinical role of MPS in the PPCI era.