Isopiestic determination of the osmotic coefficients of NaNO3 + Eu(NO3)3 + H2O at 298.15 K and representation with an extended ion-interaction (Pitzer) model

Peter R. Zalupski, Rocklan McDowell, Simon L. Clegg

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Abstract

Isopiestic vapor pressures were measured at 298.15 K for aqueous NaNO 3 + Eu(NO3)3 solutions, using NaCl(aq) as the reference standard. Measurements were made for both binary (single salt) solutions and for ternary solutions of the following NaNO3 ionic strength fractions: 0.05995, 0.08749, 0.16084, 0.27709, and 0.36313 over the water activity range 0.8951 ≤ aw ≤ 0.9832. (These ionic strength fractions correspond to NaNO3 molality fractions 0.27675, 0.36519, 0.53489, 0.69695, and 0.77381, respectively.) The results, and those of other studies for the two pure aqueous solutions, were used to determine the Pitzer model parameters for aqueous Eu(NO3)3 for molalities up to 3 mol kg-1 and the two ternary (mixture) parameters = 0.367 ± 0.0035 and AEu,Na,NO = -0.0743 ± 0.0014. Some deviations of the measurements from the fitted model, of the order of +0.0075 in the osmotic coefficient, were noted for mixtures containing less than about 1 mol kg-1 total NO3O. The use of the mixture parameters in the Pitzer model yields predicted trace activity coefficients of Eu3+ in 1 mol kg-1 aqueous NaNO3 almost a factor of 2 greater than if they are omitted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1574-1582
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Chemical & Engineering Data
Volume59
Issue number5
Early online date21 Apr 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 May 2014

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