It’s common sense – you don’t need to believe to disagree!

Miklós Kürthy, Graham Bex-Priestley, Yonatan Shemmer

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Abstract

It is often assumed that disagreement only occurs when there is a clash (e.g., inconsistency) between beliefs. In the philosophical literature, this “narrow” view has sometimes been considered the obvious, intuitively correct view. In this paper, we argue that it should not be. We have conducted two preregistered studies gauging English speakers’ intuitions about whether there is disagreement in a case where the parties have non-clashing beliefs and clashing intentions. Our results suggest that common intuitions tell against the default view. Ordinary speakers describe clashes of intentions as disagreements, suggesting that the ordinary concept of disagreement is “wide” in that it extends beyond beliefs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhilosophical Psychology
Early online date13 Apr 2023
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Apr 2023

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