Lean burn limit and time to light characteristics of laser ignition in gas turbines

Jonathan Griffiths, Mike Riley, Antony Kirk, Alexander Borman, Jonathan Lawrence, Colin Dowding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This work details a study of laser ignition in a low pressure combustion test rig, representative of an industrial gas turbine (SGT-400, Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery Ltd.) and for the first time investigates the effect of air mass flow rate on combustion characteristics at air/fuel ratios at the lean burn limit. Both the lean burn limit and time taken to light are essential in determining the suitability of a specified air/fuel ratio, especially in multi-chamber ignition applications. Through extension of the lean burn limit and reduction of the time taken to light, the operating window for ignition with regards to the air/fuel ratio can be increased, leading to greater reliability and repeatability of ignition. Ignition of a natural gas and air mixture at atmospheric pressure was conducted using both a standard high energy igniter and a laser ignition system utilizing a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser source operating at 1064 nm wavelength. A detailed comparison of the lean burn limit and time taken to light for standard ignition and laser ignition is presented.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-266
Number of pages5
JournalOptics and Lasers in Engineering
Volume55
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2014

Cite this