Local conditions for the decentralization of energy systems

Theodoros Arvanitopoulos, Charlie Wilson, Silvia Ferrini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Local energy systems (LES) are designed to decarbonize, balance, and coordinate supply, storage and demand resources. Which local conditions enable LES to flourish? Using a unique dataset of 146 LES projects in the UK from 2010 to 2020, we apply econometric methods to identify energy, institutional and socio-economic conditions significantly associated with LES, but not other local energy forms. We show distributed power generation, low-carbon infrastructure firm activity, local government strategy and active energy efficiency markets are enablers of LES involving multiple actors, sectors and skill sets. These conditions describe a clear policy agenda for stimulating and supporting emerging local energy markets.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2037-2053
Number of pages17
JournalRegional Studies
Issue number10
Early online date14 Nov 2022
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023


  • decarbonization
  • decentralization
  • digital skills
  • landscape transition
  • local energy systems
  • spatial econometric modelling

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