Localization of c-Myb and induction of apoptosis by antisense oligonucleotide c-myb after angioplasty of porcine coronary arteries

D. L. Lambert, N. Malik, L. Shepherd, J. Gunn, S. E. Francis, A. King, DC Crossman, D. C. Cumberland, C. M. Holt

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Previous studies have shown that inhibition of the proto-oncogene c-myb inhibits neointimal formation in various animal models. However, the temporal and spatial expression of c-Myb in the vessel wall after injury is not known, and the mechanism of action of antisense oligonucleotide (AS-ODN-c-myb) inhibition remains unclear. One potential effect of cell cycle dysregulation by inhibition of c-myb is an increase in the rates of apoptosis. In this study, c-Myb expression after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) injury and induction of apoptosis after AS-ODN-c-myb treatment were determined. Immunohistochemistry and cellular phenotyping were used to localize c-Myb expression in porcine coronary arteries at various time intervals after PTCA. In vitro, the effects of AS-ODN-c-myb on the apoptosis of porcine vascular smooth muscle cells (PVSMCs) and endothelial cells were determined by using a cell-death ELISA and time-lapse video microscopy. In vivo, local delivery of AS-ODN-c-myb was performed after PTCA of pig coronary arteries, and apoptosis was quantified at 6 hours. c-Myb is induced in pig coronary arteries after angioplasty, with maximal expression in inflammatory cells at 18 hours and in vascular smooth muscle cells at 3 to 7 days. In vitro, AS-ODN-c-myb enhanced PVSMCs (6.8±0.8% [P=<0.001] versus 0.5% serum) but not endothelial cell apoptosis (1.4±0.5% [P=NS] versus 0.5% serum). In vivo, 6 hours after porcine coronary angioplasty and delivery of AS-ODN-c-myb, the proportion of apoptotic cells within the media was 4.2±0.8% (PTCA alone), 2.3±0.2% (PTCA+vehicle), and 9.0±1.1% (PTCA+AS-ODN-c-myb; P<0.05 versus PTCA alone and P<0.01 versus PTCA+saline). c-Myb is expressed after PTCA of pig coronary arteries, and AS-ODN-c-myb induces apoptosis of PVSMCs in vitro and medial cells in vivo.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1727-1732
Number of pages6
JournalArteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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