Low frequency dielectric investigations into the relaxation behavior of frozen polyvinylpyrrolidone-water systems

S. A. Barker, R. He, D. Q. M. Craig

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Abstract

The low frequency dielectric response of aqueous solutions containing 0, 1, 5, and 10% w/v polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) was studied to characterize the low temperature relaxation behavior of these systems. Complementary modulated temperature differential scanning calorimetry (MTDSC) studies allowed measurement of the glass transition temperature for these materials, corresponding to the behavior of the nonfrozen phase. Dielectric investigations in the frequency range of 10(6) to 10(-2) Hz were performed on the systems in the liquid state, with a Maxwell-Wagner response noted for both the PVP solutions and water. The solid-phase responses were studied over a range of temperatures down to -70 degreesC, with a relaxation peak observed for the PVP systems in the kilohertz region. The spectra were modeled using the Havriliak-Negami equation and the corresponding relaxation times were calculated, with a satisfactory fit to the Arrhenius equation noted. The calculated activation energies were similar to literature values for the dielectric relaxation of water. It is suggested that the dielectric response is primarily a reflection of the relaxation behavior of the water molecules in the nonfrozen fraction, thereby indicating that the dielectric technique may yield insights into specific components of frozen aqueous systems. (C) 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-164
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume90
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • MOLECULAR MOBILITY
  • POLY(VINYLPYRROLIDONE)
  • STATE
  • polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)
  • SUCROSE
  • relaxation
  • POLYMER-SOLUTION
  • DIFFERENTIAL SCANNING CALORIMETRY
  • FORMULATIONS
  • glass
  • differential scanning calorimetry (MTDSC)
  • dielectric
  • AMORPHOUS PHARMACEUTICAL SOLIDS
  • amorphous
  • GLASS-TRANSITION TEMPERATURES
  • freeze drying
  • modulated temperature

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