Luminescent SiO2 nanoparticles for cell labeling: combined water dispersion polymerization and 3D condensation controlled by oligoperoxide surfactant-initiator

Catherine Cropper, Nataliya Mitina, Olga Klyuchivska, Khrystyna Harhay, Rostyslav Stoika, Valentina Glazunova, Zoryana Nadashkevich, Orest Hevus, Yaroslav Z. Khimyak, Alexander Zaichenko

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Hybrid polymer coated silica nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized using low temperature graft (co)polymerization of trimethoxysilane propyl methacrylate (MPTS) initiated by surface-active oligoperoxide metal complex (OMC) in aqueous media. These NPs were characterized by means of kinetic, solid-state NMR, TEM and FTIR techniques. Two processes, namely the radical graft-copolymerization due to presence of double bonds and 3D polycondensation provided by the intra- or/and intermolecular interaction of organosilicic fragments, occurred simultaneously. The relative contribution of the reactions depending on initiator concentration and pH value leading to the formation of low cured polydisperse microparticles or OMC coated SiO2 NPs of controlled curing degree was studied. The availability of free-radical forming peroxide fragments on the surface of SiO2 NPs provides an opportunity for seeded polymerization leading to the formation of the functional polymer coated NPs with controlled particle structure, size, and functionality. Encapsulation of the luminescent dye (Rhodamine 6G) in SiO2 core of functionalized NPs provided a noticeable increase in their resistance to photo-bleaching and improved biocompatibility. These luminescent NPs were not only attached to murine leukemia L1210 cells but also tolerated by the mammalian cells. Their potential use for labeling of the mammalian cells is considered.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-292
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Polymer Journal
Early online date11 Apr 2018
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018


  • functional oligoperoxide
  • graft-polymerization
  • siliceous nanoparticles
  • particle morphology
  • rhodamine encapsulation
  • cell labeling
  • solid state NMR

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