Aim: To compare matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) localisation in anterior keratectomy (AK) and lamellar keratectomy (LK) wounds.
Methods: Wounds were produced in one eye of 24 rabbits. The AK wounds were made to approximately 120 mm in depth and then allowed to re-epithelialise. The LK wounds were of similar depth, but the anterior stroma and epithelium were replaced after a second deeper keratectomy had been performed. Immunohistochemistry was used to localise the MMP-1, -2, -3, and -9 at intervals from 4 h to 14 days following surgery. The contralateral eyes acted as controls.
Results: After an AK wound MMP-1 was present at the leading edge of migrating epithelium after 18 h, while MMP-2 and -9 were localised behind the advancing epithelial edge. The presence of these enzymes rapidly fell to low levels after epithelial closure. There was only faint MMP-3 localisation between days 3 and 7. After an LK wound, MMP-1, -3, and -9 were not detected in the stromal interface, but MMP-2 was present at all time points.
Conclusions: This study suggests that after an AK wound, MMP-1 is a key mediator of epithelial migration, while MMP-2 and -9, and to a lesser extent MMP-3, may participate in the remodelling of corneal stroma and the reformation of epithelial basement membrane. In contrast, an LK wound results in a much lower stimulus for MMP activation. The action of MMP-2 in stromal repair is thus partly independent of epithelial injury.
- corneal epithelium
- wound healing
- IN-SITU KERATOMILEUSIS
- PHOTOREFRACTIVE KERATECTOMY
- IV COLLAGENASE