Measuring affective well-being at work using short-form scales: Implications for affective structures and participant instructions

Emma Russell, Kevin Daniels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)
30 Downloads (Pure)


Measuring affective well-being in organizational studies has become increasingly widespread, given its association with key work-performance and other markers of organizational functioning. As such, researchers and policy-makers need to be confident that well-being measures are valid, reliable and robust. To reduce the burden on participants in applied settings, short-form measures of affective well-being are proving popular. However, these scales are seldom validated as standalone, comprehensive measures in their own right. In this article, we used a short-form measure of affective well-being with 10 items: the Daniels five-factor measure of affective well-being (D-FAW). In Study 1, across six applied sample groups (N = 2624), we found that the factor structure of the short-form D-FAW is robust when issued as a standalone measure, and that it should be scored differently depending on the participant instruction used. When participant instructions focus on now or today, then affect is best represented by five discrete emotion factors. When participant instructions focus on the past week, then affect is best represented by two or three mood-based factors. In Study 2 (N = 39), we found good construct convergent validity of short-form D-FAW with another widely used scale (PANAS). Implications for the measurement and structure of affect are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1478-1507
Number of pages30
JournalHuman Relations
Issue number11
Early online date13 Apr 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018


  • affect
  • positive and negative affect schedule
  • psychological well-being
  • psychometrics
  • short-form measures
  • validity

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