Measuring gaze and arrow cuing effects with a short test adapted to brain damaged patients with unilateral spatial neglect: A preliminary study

Rindra Narison, Marie de Montalembert, Andrew Bayliss, Laurence Conty

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Abstract

People with left unilateral spatial neglect (USN) following a right brain lesion show difficulty in orienting their attention toward stimuli presented on the left. However, cuing the stimuli with gaze direction or a pointing arrow can help some of them to compensate for this difficulty. In order to build a tool that helps to identify these patients, we needed a short version of the paradigm classically used to test gaze and arow cuing effects in healthy adults, adapted to the capacities of patients with severe attention deficit. Here, we tested the robustness of the cuing effects measured by such a short version in 48 young adult healthy participants, 46 older healthy participants, 10 patients with left USN following a right brain lesion (USN+), and 10 patients with right brain lesions but no USN (USN–). We observed gaze and arrow cuing effects in all populations, independently of age and presence or absence of a right brain lesion. In the neglect field, the USN+ group showed event greater cuing effect than older healthy participants and the USN– group. We showed that gaze and arrow cuing effects are powerful enough to be detected in a very short test adapted to the capacities of older patients with severe attention deficits, which increases their applicability in rehabilitation settings. We further concluded that our test is a suitable basis to develop a tool that will help neuropsychologists to identify USN patients who respond to gaze and/or arrow cuing in their neglect field.

Original languageEnglish
Article number690197
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • arrow cuing
  • gaze cuing
  • gaze liking effect
  • left unilateral spatial neglect
  • right brain lesion

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