Micafungin use in a UK tertiary referral hospital

David A. Enoch, Michael E. Murphy, Christianne Micallef, Huina Yang, Nicholas M. Brown, Sani H. Aliyu

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Abstract

Objectives: Here we sought to describe the real-life usage of micafungin in a UK tertiary referral hospital. Methods: A prospective, non-interventional, observational surveillance study was performed in a large teaching hospital do we need ‘in a large teaching hospital’ now since we say ‘UK tertiary hospital’ above?. Results: Micafungin was commenced in 174 courses involving 148 patients to treat invasive candidiasis and candidaemia (132 courses) and aspergillosis in situations where alternatives such as voriconazole or liposomal amphotericin B could not be used (42 courses). Fungal infection was defined as proven as per European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer/Mycoses Study Group (EORTC/MSG) guidelines in 84 courses (48.3%). Micafungin was well tolerated; 10 patients (6.8%) developed a rise in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and only 1 patient stopped therapy due to this. Therapy was rationalised to fluconazole in 77 courses (44.3%). There were no differences in intensive care unit admission or deaths when comparing all 174 courses where patients received micafungin for Aspergillus and Candida infection, respectively [49% vs. 42% (P = 0.82) and 24% vs. 15% (P = 0.186)]. One patient developed disseminated mucormycosis and four patients had recurrent candidaemia (attributed to poor source control) while receiving micafungin. Conclusions: Micafungin was clinically effective for the treatment of invasive Candida and Aspergillus infections, and usage did not increase the risk of liver dysfunction even in patients with abnormal ALT at baseline.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-87
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Aspergillus
  • Candidiasis
  • Micafungin

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