Micro RNAs 26b, 20a inversely correlate with GSK-3 β/NF-κB/NLRP-3 pathway to highlight the additive promising effects of atorvastatin and quercetin in experimental induced arthritis

Sherihan Salaheldin Abdelhamid Ibrahim, Lamia Said Kandil, Ghada Ragab, Shorouk El-Sayyad

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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory disease with challenging therapeutic potential due to the implication of cross-talking intracellular pathways in the pathogenesis of the disease. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the combination therapy of atorvastatin and quercetin on glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta/ nuclear factor kappa-B/ nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor family pyrin domain containing-3 or inflammasome (GSK-3β/NF-KB/NLRP-3) pathway as well as on microRNAs 26b and 20a (miR-26b, miR-20a) and to investigate the possible beneficial outcomes of the combination to offer a better treatment option than methotrexate (MTX) in adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA). Assessment of arthritis progression, serum inflammatory, and oxidative parameters were done. The tibiotarsal tissue expression of the inflammatory parameters was evaluated. Western blot analysis was done to assess the expression level of the important members in the GSK-3β/NF-κB/NLRP-3 pathway. Furthermore, the expression level of both microRNAs and serum level of transaminases were determined. All treatments, especially the combination regimen, abated arthritis progression, the elevated serum level of inflammatory and oxidative stress parameters in arthritic rats. Moreover, They down-regulated the gene expression of the important members of the aforementioned signaling pathway, amended the tissue levels of inflammatory parameters and elevated the expression level of miR-26b and miR-20a. Finally, we concluded that the combination therapy modulated miR-26b and miR-20a as well as GSK-3β/NF-κB/NLRP-3 pathway, provided additive anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects and offered an additional hepatoprotective effect as compared to untreated arthritic rats and MTX-treated groups, suggesting its promising role to be used as replacement therapy to MTX in RA.
Original languageEnglish
Article number108042
JournalInternational Immunopharmacology
Early online date13 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

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