Microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 inhibition blocks proliferation and enhances apoptosis in oesophageal adenocarcinoma cells without affecting endothelial prostacyclin production

Ian L P Beales, Olorunseun O Ogunwobi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prostaglandins are important in the progression of various gastrointestinal cancers including oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC). Cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitors reduce OAC prostaglandin production but also have potentially detrimental effects on vascular endothelial function by reducing prostacyclin production and increasing the risk of cardiovascular events. We have examined the effects of inhibiting microsomal prostaglandin synthase-1 (mPGES-1), the enzyme downstream of COX-2 in the prostaglandin synthetic cascade. In OAC cells, reduction of mPGES-1 with RNA interference blocked PGE2 production, inhibited serum-induced proliferation and enhanced apoptosis in the COX-2 expressing cell lines (OE33 and FLO) but had no effect in COX-2 deficient BIC-1 cells. Three different methods of inhibiting mPGES-1 (RNA interference, a novel small molecule inhibitor and the endogenous inhibitor 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-PGJ(2)) also blocked leptin induced mPGES-1 expression and PGE2 production and abolished the leptin-induced proliferative and anti-apoptotic effects in OE33 cells, without affecting COX-2 expression. The anti-proliferative effects were equivalent to those produced by COX-2 inhibitory concentrations of celecoxib and NS-398. However, unlike the two COX-2 inhibitors, mPGES-1 inhibition did not reduce endothelial prostacyclin production. In contrast to the effects of the COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib, mPGES-1 inhibition had no effects on Akt kinase activity in OAC cells. We conclude that inhibition of mPGES-1 has potentially beneficial effects in OAC without the potentially detrimental effects on vascular endothelial prostacyclin synthesis. We have also confirmed that celecoxib has anticancer actions separate from the inhibition of COX-2. Inhibition of mPGES-1 may be therapeutically useful in the treatment and prevention of OAC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2247-2255
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume126
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2010

Keywords

  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Apoptosis
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cell Survival
  • Endothelial Cells
  • Epoprostenol
  • Esophageal Neoplasms
  • Humans
  • Intramolecular Oxidoreductases
  • Leptin
  • Pyrazoles
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • Sulfonamides

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